Open Educational Resources in Canada 2020


  • Rory McGreal UNESCO/ICDE Chair in OER, Athabasca University





COVID 19 has had a wide impact on education internationally and specifically in Canada, with nearly all institutions now transitioning to online education, with many learning for the first time about Open Educational Resources (OER). Understanding what is happening with OER in the different regions of our country is one step in creating awareness and promoting national networks for sharing resources, serving to address local educational needs. Educators can assemble, adopt, adapt, design, and develop OER-based courses that can cost-effectively address the needs of Canadian students. This paper describes OER-related initiatives and implementations across Canada that can serve as examples to educators and administrators, who because of COVID 19, are offering online courses for the first time.



Alberta Ministry of Innovation and Advanced Education, British Columbia Ministry of Advanced Education, & Saskatchewan Ministry of Advanced Education. (2014). Memorandum of Understanding - Open Educational Resources. Retrieved from

Alberta OER. (n. d.). Alberta OER-Home. Retrieved from

Banks, L. (2019). The complete guide to hearable technology in 2019. Retrieved from

BCcampus. (n. d.). OpenEd. Retrieved from

BCcampus. (2017). Zero Textbook Cost (ZTC) Grants. Retrieved from

Canadian Association for Prior Learning Assessment. (n. d.). What is prior learning assessment & recognition (PLAR)/ recognition of orior learning (RPL)? Retrieved from

Canadian Digital Learning Research Association. (2018 & 2019). An annual survey of online and digital learning in Canadian public post-secondary education. Retrieved from

Challenge for Credit (2014). Retrieved from

Coffin, M. (2012). Canada’s Contribution to the Commons: Creating a Culture of Open Education. Edmonton: Athabasca University Graduate Students’ Association. Retrieved from

Concordia University. (2020). Concordia University OER Grants. Retrieved from

Contact North/Contact Nord. (n. d.).Welcome to Contact North/Contact Nord. Retrieved from

Copyright Modernization Act. (2012). Justice Laws Website. Retrieved from

eCampus Ontario. (n. d.). Home Page. Retrieved from

Government of Alberta. (n. d.). Ministry of Advanced Education. Retrieved from

Government of Canada Justice Laws Website. (1985). Copyright Act. Retrieved from

International Council for Open and Distance Education. (2017). World Conference on Online Learning - Teaching in the digital age - Re-thinking teaching & learning. Retrieved from

Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (n. d) Vers Un Plan d’ Action de l’oif Sur Les Resources éducatives Libres Dans l’Espace Francophone. Retrieved from

Registry of Open Access Repositories. (n. d.). Browse by country. Retrieved from

Ryerson University Chang School of Continuing Education. (n. d.). Open Educational Resources. Retrieved from

Supreme Court of Canada. (2012). Supreme Court Judgements: Alberta (Education) v. Canadian Copyright Licensing Agency (Access Copyright). Retrieved from

THOT CURSUS. (n. d.). Formation en ligne et culture numérique. Retrieved from

UBC. (2020). The University of British Columbia Guide to Reappointment, Promotion and Tenure Procedures at UBC. Retrieved from

University of Prince Edward Island Robertson Library. (2020). Open Educational Resources Development Program. Retrieved from

University of Saskatchewan. (2020). Open Educational Practices. Retrieved from

UNESCO. (2012). The Paris OER Declaration 2012. Retrieved from Usher, A. (2018). The state of post-secondary education in Canada, 2018. Toronto: Higher Education Strategy Associates. Retrieved from