Investigating Characteristics of Learning Environments During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Review




Social learning environment, Tech-Edu-Trends, traditional learning environment, online learning environment, COVID-19


Dramatic change in learning environments during the COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the significance of virtual learning and led to more interactive learning environments. Quick adoption of online and social interactive learning in many universities around the world raised challenges and emphasized the importance of investigating different learning environments. This paper investigates the accelerated transition in education from traditional learning environments through online learning environments to social innovative learning environments, and the latest trends of this change. The stages of transition were divided into three parts: before, during, and after the COVID-19 pandemic, which was the reason for this accelerated change. Features and characteristics of each stage of transition were analyzed and discussed, based on the following factors: edu-space and classrooms, the learning and teaching process, curricular choices, information and communication technology applications, students’ and educators’ perceptions, edu-approaches, and knowledge transformation. A systematic review approach was used to investigate learning environments based on the literature reviews of previous publications. Analysis of these features revealed the main characteristics and differences in each stage. New trends in online learning environments and social innovative learning environments were identified including cloud platforms, massive open online courses, digital learning management systems, open educational resources, open educational practices, m-learning, and social network applications. Finally, this study makes two recommendations: 1) the adoption of online learning environments and social innovative learning environment applications to continue the e-learning process during the pandemic, and 2) the enhanced usage of online learning environments and social innovative learning environment applications in the future by educational institutions and governments.

Author Biography

Abdullah Al-Ansi, University of Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Abdullah M. Al-Ansi is Assistant Professor in Educational Management at Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia. His main interest is in e-learning and ICT in education. He holds an education doctorate from Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang with a focus on ICT applications in learning.


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