Educational Technology Competency Framework: Defining a Community of Practice Across Canada
Keywords:education technology, framework, competency
Post-secondary institutions need clarity regarding what their educational technology teams can offer. Educational technology is not simply a hammer that can be quickly utilized, but rather an instrument that needs to be tuned for each unique learning context. Using a modified Delphi approach, we validated an educational technology framework that highlights the necessary capabilities, competencies, and example activities needed in higher education across Canada, which moves away from traditional roles and responsibilities. This framework captures the need for teams to educate, collaborate, design, develop, administer, and lead within their institutions. It also highlights the revealed desire and need to create broader communities of practice and collaborations between various institutions. Educational technology teams themselves, when functioning optimally, will not only transform the academic experience for learners and teaching faculty, but they will ultimately shape the direction of higher education’s teaching and learning.
Bates, A. W. (2000). Managing technological change: Strategies for college and university leaders. Jossey-Bass.
Brown, M., McCormack, M., Reeves, J., Brook, D.C., Grajek, S., Alexander, B., Bali, M., Bulger, S., Dark, S., Engelbert, N., Gannon, K., Gauthier, A., Gibson, D., Gibson, R., Lundin, B., Veletsianos, G. & Weber, N. (2020). 2020 Educause Horizon Report Teaching and Learning Edition. EDUCAUSE. https://library.educause.edu/resources/2020/3/2020-educause-horizon-report-teaching-and-learning-edition
Cenkner, M., Sonnenberg, L. K., von Hauff, P., & Wong, C. (2017). Integrating the educational technology expert in medical education: A role-based competency framework. MedEdPublish, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.15694/mep.2017.000079
Cherner, T., & Mitchell, C. (2021). Deconstructing EdTech frameworks based on their creators, features, and usefulness. Learning, Media and Technology, 46(1), 91-116. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439884.2020.1773852
Consortium for School Networking. (2018). Framework of essential skills of the K-12 CTO. https://www.cosn.org/sites/default/files/Framework%20December%202018.pdf
Cronin, C., Cochrane, T., & Gordon, A. (2016). Nurturing global collaboration and networked learning in higher education. Research in Learning Technology, 24. https://doi.org/10.3402/rlt.v24.26497
Dykes, T., Rodgers, P., & Smyth, M. (2009). Towards a new disciplinary framework for contemporary creative design practice. CoDesign, 5, 99-116. https://doi.org/10.1080/15710880902910417
Ellington, L., & Blanchette, K. L. (2019). Higher education transcendence through transdisciplinarity. In V. X. Wang (Ed.), Handbook of research on transdisciplinary knowledge generation (pp. 30-44). IGI Global. http://doi:10.4018/978-1-5225-9531-1
Framework. (n.d.). Framework. In Cambridge Dictionary [Online]. Retrieved from https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/framework
Frank, J. R., Snell, L., & Sherbino, J. (2015). CanMEDS 2015 Physician Competency Framework. Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. https://www.royalcollege.ca/rcsite/documents/canmeds/canmeds-full-framework-e.pdf
Gray, C. M., & Boling, E. (2016). Inscribing ethics and values in designs for learning: a problematic. Educational Technology Research and Development, 64(5), 969-1001. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11423-016-9478-x
Humphrey-Murto, S., Wood, T. J., Gonsalves, C., Mascioli, K., & Varpio, L. (2020). The Delphi method. Academic Medicine, 95(1), 168. https://doi.org/10.1097/ACM.0000000000002887
Kilgore, W., Prusko, P., & Gogia, L. (2019, August 8). A snapshot of instructional design: Talking points for a field in transition. EDUCAUSE. https://er.educause.edu/blogs/2019/8/a-snapshot-of-instructional-design-talking-points-for-a-field-in-transition
Klein, C., Lester, J., Rangwala, H., & Johri, A. (2018). Learning analytics tools in higher education: Adoption at the intersection of institutional commitment and individual action. The Review of Higher Education, 42(2), 565-593. https://doi.org/10.1353/rhe.2019.0007
Ministère de l’Éducation et de l’Enseignement supérieur. (2019). Digital competency framework. Gouvernement du Québec. http://www.education.gouv.qc.ca/fileadmin/site_web/documents/ministere/Cadre-reference-competence-num-AN.pdf
Pardo, A., & Siemens, G. (2014). Ethical and privacy principles for learning analytics. British Journal of Educational Technology, 45(3), 438-450. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjet.12152
Richey, R. C. (2008). Reflections on the 2008 AECT definitions of the field. TechTrends, 52(1), 24–25. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11528-008-0108-2Schneider, D. (2009). Educational technology. http://edutechwiki.unige.ch/en/EduTech_Wiki:About
Silverman, D. (Ed.). (2011). Qualitative research (3rd ed.). SAGE Publications.
Smith, S. (2016). An exploration of professional identity in the information technology sector. [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Edinburgh Napier University. https://www.napier.ac.uk/~/media/worktribe/output-169780/an-exploration-of-professional-identity-in-the-information-technology-sector.pdf
Sonnenberg, L., Archibald, D., & Onan, A. (2018). Breaking down silos: A capabilities framework to understand, communicate, and advocate for effective academic technology teams. ICERI2018 Proceedings, 4846-4849. https://doi.org/10.21125/iceri.2018.2106
Technology. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster Dictionary [Online]. Retrieved from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/technology
Triyason, T., Tassanaviboon, A., & Kanthamanon, P. (2020). Hybrid classroom: Designing for the new normal after COVID-19 pandemic. Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Advances in Information Technology, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1145/3406601
Tulley, R. J. (2008). Is there techne in my logos? On the origins and evolution of the ideographic term–technology. International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society, 4(1), 93-104. https://doi.org/10.18848/1832-3669/CGP/v04i01/55813
U.S. Department of Education. (2017). Reimagining the role of technology in education: 2017 national education technology plan update. https://tech.ed.gov/files/2017/01/NETP17.pdf
Veletsianos, G., & Houlden, S. (2020, March 12). Coronavirus pushes universities to switch to online classes—but are they ready? The Conversation. http://theconversation.com/coronavirus-pushes-universities-to-switch-to-online-classes-but-are-they-ready-132728
Walls, M. (2019). The bow and arrow and early human sociality: An enactive perspective on communities and technical practice in the middle stone age. Philosophy and Technology, 32(2), 265–281. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13347-017-0300-4
Wenger, E. (1999). Communities of practice: Learning, meaning, and identity. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511803932
Whitworth, A. (2005). The politics of virtual learning environments: Environmental change, conflict, and e-learning. British Journal of Educational Technology, 36(4), 685-691. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8535.2005.00549.x
Copyright (c) 2021 Lyn K. Sonnenberg, Arif Onan, Douglas Archibald
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under an International Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (CC-BY-NC 4.0) that allows others to share the work for non-commercial purposes, with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.